Rabbit breeds and colors – The somewhat different race and color theory
Here you will not find fabric-backed rabbits with wide-eyed, frightened eyes that need to take a particular pose. Here you can find photos of happy rabbits that match the breed picture and lots of information about the character of the breed and the susceptibility to disease .
Many rabbits are not a “recognized breed” (with pedigree, ear notes, etc.) but can be classified by their physique and appearance (phenotype) of a breed.
Other rabbits have certain race characteristics that are not officially known in this combination. For example, “Lion’s Head Aries” (A dwarf ram with lion’s head hair).
To make an assignment for your rabbits, here are the main rough features (though not 100% correct in breeding terms):
- Hanging ears = Aries
- Dwarf, Dwarf rabbit = very small rabbit (about 2kg) with short ears
- Long hair, long Fur = Angora or Teddy (Angora big breed, Teddy little breed)
- Mane or longer hair around the ears / head (otherwise short hair) = lion’s head
Overview of proper rabbit breeds
Very small rabbit breed (1-1.5 kg), stocky body, round head, pure white with red or blue eyes.
Character: nimble, active, careful and scary
Diseases: Depending on breed, congenital malocclusions often occur in races with a stocky head. Albinos are sometimes prone to skin or eye diseases. Jaw shortening can quickly cause the animals to experience respiratory problems or drill the roots of the teeth into the molar canal, causing eye and lacrimal canal disease. The skin and the eyes are partly sensitive to sunlight (sunburn). The ermine breeding is critical to judge, the breed contains the so-called “dwarf factor” which is responsible for the small size and produces disabled or non-viable animals. In addition, in the breed to a quarter (in animal welfare compliant breeding with a different breed rabbits even significantly more) rabbits are not breed-typical and are sorted / slaughtered / fed. In part, in very small rabbits, a generally increased susceptibility to disease and a lower life expectancy can be observed.
The dwarf rams are one of the most popular breeds among domestic rabbit owners. Dwarf Rams weigh 1,2-2 kg according to breed standard and are thus somewhat larger and heavier than dwarf rabbits, since they do not carry the dwarf gene. They are available in many colors.
Character: calm, balanced, comfortable, often tame quite quickly
Diseases: Not only is the body language restricted (ears set up, etc.) due to the shape of the ear, it also partially impedes hearing. In addition, ram rabbits have no field of vision due to their drooping ears. Under rams are frequently found deaf rabbits. This is due to (hidden) ear infections. It should take the preposition to middle ear infection sseriously and the ears regularly checked. Due to the narrowed ear canal more than half of all rams develop during the course of life an ear infection. However, these are rarely detected, many arise suffer for years of severe pain. The treatment is complex, expensive and often the problem persists for life.
Aries are born with ears, ears fall only in the course of development. Aries whose ears stop or if only one falls (tipper, Propeller) are often sorted out.
Lion’s head, lion’s head rabbit
Lion heads are not recognized as a breed and are therefore bred in different weight levels and with different degrees of pronounced “mane” (sometimes only single longer hair on the neck, sometimes quite long hair on the entire head). It is a “fashion breed”. The only recognized exception is the dwarf rabbit lion head, 1.40-1.80 kg, which has the entire head haired.
Character: active, cheeky, bitchy
Diseases: As a moderate without breed standard, especially among the lion’s head are particularly many breeds to find that hereditary diseases continue to give. In addition to the typical diseases of the Dwarf-factor rabbits (see the Racism info of the Dwarfs), lion’s heads have problems with the lion’s mane. For a mane, there are often no problems. With stronger mane, problems arise because the weather-resistant The top coat on the head is missing, the hair rubs into the eye (chronic eye inflammation) and partly the field of vision is limited. Hair care, on the other hand, is usually not necessary.
Dwarf rabbits are the typical dwarf rabbit, even if they do not always correspond 100% to the breed picture. They weigh 1-1.5 kg and they come in many colors.
Character: active, careful, frightened, quick, fearful
Diseases: Depending on breed, congenital malocclusions often occur in races with a stocky head . Jaw shortening can quickly cause the animals to experience respiratory problems or drill the roots of the teeth into the molar canal, causing eye and lacrimal canal disease. The color dwarf breed is critical to judge, the breed contains the so-called ” factor “Who is responsible for the small size and breeds handicapped or non-viable animals in reenergizer mating (prohibited in Germany). In addition, in the breed to a quarter (in animal welfare compliant breeding with a different breed rabbits even significantly more) rabbits are not breed-typical and are sorted / slaughtered / fed. In part, in very small rabbits, a generally increased susceptibility to disease and a lower life expectancy can be observed.
Dwarf checks have the basic color white and different patches. The distribution of points is very well defined and only a few of the animals correspond to it (the animals in the photos are not). Petty checks weigh 1.4-1.8 kg.
Character: active, alert, sometimes anxious
Diseases: Also Dwarf checks carry the dwarf factor and the associated health disadvantages (see race info of the color gnomes). In addition, the mottled coat drawing further inherits the Megacolon syndrome. This leads in the affected rabbits to chronic indigestion, immunodeficiency and earlier death. Only a few rabbits meet the breed standard with their spotting, since the arrangement of the spotting cannot be bred. These rabbits are all sorted out / slaughtered / fed.
Teddy Rabbit and Ram
These two breeds are not a recognized breed, but allowed as a new breed. They have a longer, soft coat, which, however, is changed normally in the change of coat and does not have to be shorn. However, the coat must be regularly felted and combed. Bear Teddy Dwarfs Stehohren (800-1700g), Teddy-floppy floppy ears (1300-2000g).
Character: often “indifferent”, because the facial expressions in the coat disappear
Diseases: The genetic dwarf factor is actually not desired in Teddy rabbits, but sometimes it is still worn (see color dwarfs).
The coat is not very weather-resistant, the protective covering hair layer is missing. In addition, it comes through the long hair around the eyes and the short-bred head often cause chronic eye problems. The constant grooming is not very species-appropriate for many animals and some owners miss them, so that there are tangles and other problems. The eyes must always be cut free, so that the animals see something.
The bearded rabbit is a rather rare rabbit breed. The animals not only have a mane, but are also hairy on the belly until behind the tail approach.
Character: trustful, active
Diseases: The long hair on the eye can cause irritation and inflammation, the field of vision is limited. However, the coat is usually quite undemanding and hardly needs to be taken care of.
The Angora rabbit is a recognized long-haired rabbit with about 3.5-5 kg was bred for coat production. The coat is not subject to the coat change and grows extremely dense and constantly after.
Diseases: Angora rabbits are suffering from their fur, the fast growth means they can barely keep up with the shear, the animals suffer from the density, so that even lovers now often pluck the fur instead of cutting it (the plucking comes from the fur production). Angora rabbits quickly become matted and their hair does not protect against the weather (missing covering hair layer). In addition, the eye is often irritated by the surrounding coat and ignites. Partly also feces hang in the fur. The animals have to take care of themselves, even if they do not like them.
Hare rabbits are a very special breed, which stands out from other breeds. Hare rabbits are extremely active and lively, so you should not fall short of a floor area (also nachos!) Of 10m² for two rabbit rabbits, or should provide free garden clearance during the day. Otherwise they are quickly challenged. Its slender, elongated body shape is unique among all breeds. It reaches 3.5-4.5kg and is one of the larger breeds.
Character: curious, eruptive, active, emotional, intelligent (great for trick training)
Diseases: Due to the size and joy of movement, possibly joint diseases.
German giants are wild-colored and the largest rabbit breed, they weigh between six and 12 kg (world record). Thus, they need a lot of space (garden freewheel, free housing, very large aviary …). In a cramped position, they become apathetic and barely move. They are poor feeders and need a lot of high-energy food to maintain their weight.
Character: calm, balanced, comfortable, eaten, very tame and friendly
Diseases: Giants are generally often more susceptible to disease, and life expectancy is not quite as high as in other breeds (about 4 years). However, there are also giants that are very old (exceptions). Giants tend to HD and other joint diseases , a very large part of the giant gets these. In addition, they are prone to rapid pus formation (abscesses) and heart disease
German giant checks
The breed standard is like the German giants, they differ only in their coloring (Scheckung).
Character: see German Giant
Diseases: Low life expectancy and quite high disease susceptibility, heart problems, joint diseases and abscesses (see “German Giants”). In addition, the mottled coat drawing further inherits the Megacolon syndrome . This leads in the affected rabbits to chronic indigestion, immunodeficiency and earlier death. Only a few rabbits meet the breed standard with their spotting, since the arrangement of the spotting can not be bred. These rabbits are all sorted out / slaughtered / fed.
The German Rams is the largest ram breed, he has a weight of over 5.5 kg (up to 9kg). Yours should be broad according to breed standard, head crowded and massive.
Character: German rams are very calm, balanced rabbits.
Diseases: German rams have similar race diseases as German giants. Often, they suffer from joint diseases such as osteoarthritis or spondylosis. An increased tendency to pus formation may also be the case and by their size they are often struggling with heart disease. Their life expectancy is usually lower than for small breeds, but here too there are exceptions. German rams also often suffer from ear infections (see “Zwergwidder”)